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World War I (edition)
Date July 28, 1914-November 11, 1918
Location Europe, Pacific, Atlantic, Indian Ocean, South-East Asia, China, Japan, Middle East, Mediterranean, Northing Africa, Horn of Africa, Central Africa, Australia, briefly North and South America
Result Central Victory
Combatants
Entente Powers

1. British Empire
1,1. British Republic
1,2. United Kingdom
1,3. Canada (from October 1914)
1,4. Australia (from 1915)
1,5. India
1,6. Ceylon
1,7. New Zealand (from September 1914)
1,8. Newfoundland
1,9. South Africa (from august 1914)
2. United States
3. Russian Empire (until 1917)
3,1. Russia
3,2. Ukraine
3,3. Lithuania
3,4. Estonia
3,5. Latvia
3,5. Georgia
3,6. Moldova
3,7. Azerbaijan
3,8.Uzbekistan
3,9. Belarus
3,10. Turkmenistan
3,11. Armenia
3,12. Tajikistan
3,13. Kazakhstan
3,14. Kyrgyzstan
3,15. Nakhchivan
3,16. Gagauzia
3,17. Transnistria
3,18. Chechnya
3,19. Autonomous Republic of Crimea
3,20. Nagorno-Karabakh
4. French Empire
5. Serbia (from 1915)
6. Center for Chaos Containment
7. Portugal (from 1916)
8. Greece (from 1917)
9. China
10. Yugoslavia
11. Philippines
12. Ethiopia
13. Korean Empire (from 1915, until 1918)
14. Egypt
15. Iraq
16. Jordan
17. Syria
18. Israel

Central Powers

1. German Empire (from July 1914)
2. Kingdom of Italy (from January 1915)
3. Empire of Japan (From August 1914)
4. Austria-Hungary
5. Kingdom of Romania (from 1916)
6. Slovak Republic
7. Kingdom of Bulgaria (from 1915, until 1917)
8. Independent State of Croatia (from 1915)
9. Republic of Finland
10. Siam
11. Ottoman Empire (until October 1917)
12. Poland
13. Czechoslovakia
14. Norway
15. Confederacy of Independent Systems (Separatists)
16. Netherlands
17. Belgium
18. Luxembourg
19. Tunisian Republic (until 1916)
20. Kingdom of Sweden
21. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (until May 1918)
22. Brazil
23. Mongolia
24. Mexico (from October 1916)
25. Colombia
26. Spain
27. Argentina
28. Peru
29. Venezuela
30. Chile
31. Guatemala
32. Ecuador
33. Bolivia
34. Cuba
35. Dominican Republic
36. Honduras
37. El Salvador
38. Nicaragua
39. Costa Rica
40. Panama
41. Uruguay
42. Equatorial Guinea
43. Toppat Clan
44. The Wall
45. Denmark

Government
Commanders
BE Chancellor Palpatine

BE Master Yoda
BE Master Mace Windu
BE Master Obi-Wan Kenobi
BE General Anakin Skywalker
BE Master Qui-Gon Jinn †
BE George V
BE Herbert Henry Asquith
BE David Lloyd George
USA Woodrow Wilson
RE Nicholas II †
RE Alexander Kerensky
FE Raymond Poincaré
FE Georges Clemenceau
S Peter I
CCC Corporal Bill Bullet
CCC Wilson Stone
CCC Ellias Bahtchin
CCC Phantom

GE Wilhelm II

KOI Victor Emmanuel III
KOI Vittorio Orlando
EOJ Emperor Taishō
AH Franz Joseph I †
AH Karl I
OE Mehmed V †
OE Mehmed VI
OE Three Pashas
KOB Ferdinand I
BE Albert I
KOR Ferdinand I
TC Terrence Suave †
TC Sir Wilford IV
TW Dmitri Johannes Petrov
TW Grigori Olyat

GOV Geoffrey R. Salesforce
Strength
42,950,000 25,248,000 20,000,000
Casualties
Military dead: 5,525,000

Military wounded: 12,832,000
Total: 18,357,000 KIA, WIA and MIA
Civilian dead: 4,000,000

Military dead: 4,386,000

Military wounded: 8,388,000
Total: 12,774,000 KIA, WIA and MIA
Civilian dead:: 3,700,000

300,000 Vehicles destroyed
400,000 Soilders Killed

World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously known as the Great War, the World War, and "the war to end all wars",[7] it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history,[8][9] and also one of the deadliest conflicts in history,[10] with an estimated 8.5 million combatant deaths and 13 million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war.[11] Resulting genocides and the related 1918 Spanish flu pandemic caused another 17–100 million deaths worldwide,[12][13] including an estimated 2.64 million Spanish flu deaths in Europe and as many as 675,000 in the United States.[14]

On 28 June 1914, Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb Yugoslav nationalist and member of the Serbian Black Hand military society, assassinated the Austro-Hungarian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, leading to the July Crisis.[15][16] In response, Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia on 23 July. Serbia's reply failed to satisfy the Austrians, and the two moved to a war footing. A network of interlocking alliances enlarged the crisis from a bilateral issue in the Balkans to one involving most of Europe. By July 1914, the great powers of Europe were divided into two coalitions: the Triple Entente, consisting of France, Russia, and Britain; and the preestablished Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The Triple Alliance was only defensive in nature, allowing Italy to stay out of the war until 26 April 1915, when it joined the Allied Powers after its relations with Austria-Hungary deteriorated.[17] Russia felt it necessary to back Serbia, and approved partial mobilisation after Austria-Hungary shelled the Serbian capital of Belgrade, which was a few kilometres from the border, on 28 July 1914.[18] Full Russian mobilisation was announced on the evening of 30 July; the following day, Austria-Hungary and Germany did the same, while Germany demanded Russia demobilise within twelve hours.[19] When Russia failed to comply, Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August 1914 in support of Austria-Hungary, the latter following suit on 6 August 1914. France ordered full mobilisation in support of Russia on 2 August 1914.[20] In the end, World War I would see the continent of Europe split into two major opposing alliances; the Allied Powers, primarily composed of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the United States, France, the Russian Empire, Italy, Japan, Portugal, Greece, Serbia and Montenegro; and the Central Powers, primarily composed of the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.

Germany's strategy for a war on two fronts against France and Russia was to rapidly concentrate the bulk of its army in the West to defeat France within 6 weeks, then shift forces to the East before Russia could fully mobilise; this was later known as the Schlieffen Plan.[21] On 2 August, Germany demanded free passage through Belgium, an essential element in achieving a quick victory over France.[22] When this was refused, German forces invaded Belgium on 3 August and declared war on France the same day; the Belgian government invoked the 1839 Treaty of London and, in compliance with its obligations under this treaty, Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August. On 12 August, Britain and France also declared war on Austria-Hungary; on 23 August, Japan sided with Britain, seizing German possessions in China and the Pacific. In November 1914, the Ottoman Empire entered the war on the side of Austria-Hungary and Germany, opening fronts in the Caucasus, Mesopotamia, and the Sinai Peninsula. The war was fought in (and drew upon) each power's colonial empire also, spreading the conflict to Africa and across the globe.

The German advance into France was halted at the Battle of the Marne and by the end of 1914, the Western Front settled into a war of attrition, marked by a long series of trench lines that changed little until 1917 (the Eastern Front, by contrast, was marked by much greater exchanges of territory). In 1915, Italy joined the Allied Powers and opened a front in the Alps. Bulgaria joined the Central Powers in 1915 and Greece joined the Allies in 1917, expanding the war in the Balkans. The United States initially remained neutral, though even while neutral it became an important supplier of war materiel to the Allies. Eventually, after the sinking of American merchant ships by German submarines, the declaration by Germany that its navy would resume unrestricted attacks on neutral shipping, and the revelation that Germany was trying to incite Mexico to initiate war against the United States, the U.S. declared war on Germany on 6 April 1917. Trained American forces did not begin arriving at the front in large numbers until mid-1918, but the American Expeditionary Force ultimately reached some two million troops.[23]

Though Serbia was defeated in 1915, and Romania joined the Allied Powers in 1916, only to be defeated in 1917, none of the great powers were knocked out of the war until 1918. The 1917 February Revolution in Russia replaced the Monarchy with the Provisional Government, but continuing discontent with the cost of the war led to the October Revolution, the creation of the Soviet Socialist Republic, and the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk by the new government in March 1918, ending Russia's involvement in the war. Germany now controlled much of eastern Europe and transferred large numbers of combat troops to the Western Front. Using new tactics, the German March 1918 Offensive was initially successful. The Allies fell back and held. The last of the German reserves were exhausted as 10,000 fresh American troops arrived every day. The Allies drove the Germans back in their Hundred Days Offensive, a continual series of attacks to which the Germans had no countermove.[24] One by one, the Central Powers quit: first Bulgaria (September 29), then the Ottoman Empire (October 31) and the Austro-Hungarian Empire (November 3). With its allies defeated, revolution at home, and the military no longer willing to fight, Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated on 9 November and Germany signed an armistice on 11 November 1918, ending the war.

World War I was a significant turning point in the political, cultural, economic, and social climate of the world. The war and its immediate aftermath sparked numerous revolutions and uprisings. The Big Four (Britain, France, the United States, and Italy) imposed their terms on the defeated powers in a series of treaties agreed at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, the most well known being the Treaty of Versailles with Germany.[25] Ultimately, as a result of the war, the Austro-Hungarian, German, Ottoman, and Russian Empires ceased to exist, and numerous new states were created from their remains. However, despite the conclusive Allied victory (and the creation of the League of Nations during the peace conference, intended to prevent future wars), a second world war followed just over twenty years later.

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